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Executive Deputy Editor-in-Chief: LI Shucai 
Sponsor: Shandong University
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Guidelines for Manuscript


1. Title (in Chinese and English): Chinese title should not exceed 20 characters, and English title should not exceed 10 words (excluding functional words). Title should not be too vague in meaning. Uncommon symbols should be avoided in titles.

2. Authors’ names (in Chinese and English): Authors must provide their true names. For Chinese authors, their English names are Chinese Pinyin. All letters of the surnames and the initial letter of the given names are capitalized. If the authors' institutes are different, Arabic numerals shall be marked after the corresponding names.

3. Affiliations (in Chinese and English): The affiliation information should be specific to department or branch. City and postal code shall be written in parentheses below the author names, and marked with serial numbers as the same number marked by the author names. The English translation of affiliations should include country.

4. Abstract: Abstract shall adopt a reporting style (containing objective, methods, results, and conclusion), and be about 300 Chinese Characters in length, without comments or supplementary explanations, concisely and accurately describing the key content of the paper. It shall be written in the third-person perspective, avoiding words like 'the article' or 'the author' used as sentence subjects. Do not simply repeat the information in the title, and do not include the content of the introduction part of the paper. Abstract should be independence and self-evident, without any formulas, figures, and references. Special symbols shall also be avoided in abstract and verbal e_x_p_r+e_s_s_i_o_ns should be used instead. Abbreviations that are familiar to public readers can be used (such as WTO, Laser, CAD). For abbreviations that are only familiar to peers, the full name should appear at least once in the title, abstract, or keywords. Guidelines for abstract are as followed.

(1) The purpose of the paper or the problem to be solved (What I want to do?). It mainly explains the author's purpose of writing the paper or the problem to be solved. If necessary, the latest literature listed in the paper can be used to briefly introduce the previous work, but this introduction must be concise.

(2) The methods and process of solving the problem (How I did it?). It mainly explains the author's main work process and methods used, and should also include numerous boundary conditions, main equipment and instruments used. When reporting the process and methods, it should be explained by formulas, experimental diagrams, etc.

(3) Main findings of the paper (What results did I get and what conclusions can I draw?). When writing the results and conclusions section, it is generally necessary to try to combine experimental or simulation results with graphs, tables, curves, etc., so that the conclusion argumentation is grounded.

(4) Innovation of the paper (What is new and original in this paper?). If possible, the conclusion can be compared to the results of the latest research results of others to highlight the main contributions, innovations, and uniqueness of the paper.

(5) Avoid repeating the title or part of the title in the first sentence of the abstract.

(6) Do not discuss or minimize background information and the author's next research work.

5.      Selection of Keywords: Authors are recommended to use the Ei thesaurus http://www.engineeringvillage2.org.cn/controller/servlet/Controller?CID=thesHome&database=1 or select keywords from other thesaurus or reference books. Free words that reflect the theme concept of the paper can also be used as keywords. For example, if the article is about Nanjing Oilfield, 'Nanjing Oilfield' can be selected as the keyword. Generally, each article can choose from 3 to 8 keywords. Standardized terms are preferred such as words from 'Chinese Thesaurus'. Important terms in new disciplines and technologies that are not included in a thesaurus, as well as names of people and places in article titles, can also be used as keywords. Keywords are separated by semicolons. English keywords shall correspond to Chinese keywords one by one, generally written in small letter.

6. CLC Number: Papers should be marked with the Chinese Library Classification (CLC) Number (4th edition). Generally, only one CLC number is marked. For papers involving multiple topics, several CLC numbers can be marked, separated by semicolons, with the main CLC ranking first.

7. Article Type Code: Articles shall be marked according to the following standards: A - Academic papers on theoretical and applied research (including reviews); B - Applicational technical report (science and technology), theoretical learning and social practice summary (social science); C - Guidelines and technical management articles (including speeches, invited comments, etc.); D – News information (communication, reports, conference activities, interviews); E – Documentary article (including historical materials, statistical data, profile of institutions, figures, books and magazines, knowledge, etc.); No literature identification code is required for abstracts, bulletins, supplements, advertisements, or notices that are not of the above types.

8. Funding Projects: Funding projects should be indicated in according to the official name specified by the country and the project number should be indicated in parentheses, under the date of receipt at the footnote of the title page. Multiple funding projects are listed in sequence, separated by semicolons.

9. Author Information: In the footer of the first page of the article, the first author's name, date of birth, gender, place of origin, professional title, educational background, main research field, and email address shall be listed.

10. Annotations: Annotations are necessary explanations for the title, author, and specific content of an article. Circled Arabic numerals shall be used as markers of annotations.

11. Main Body Text: The main body text of the paper should conform to the standard of scientific writing. The use of language should comply with national laws and regulations. Chinese characters should be subject to the Simplified Chinese Characters List. Punctuation and numbers shall comply with GB/T15834-1995 and GB/T15835-1995. The Units of measurement shall strictly comply with GB3100-310-93. The content of main body text must be authentic, objective, accurate, complete, logical, well-structured, concise and readable.

(1) Subheadings: Arabic numerals should be used for consecutive numbering of subheadings at all levels. It is not recommended to have too many levels of headings, usually three levels and at most 4 levels. The introduction part is coded by “0”. The subheadings should be short, generally not more than 15 Chinese characters without punctuation.

(2) Figures and Tables: Figures and tables are usually placed within the main text, following the words referring to them. Headings of figures should be placed beneath the figures while headings of tables should be placed above. The headings should be both in Chinese and English. Please refer to the Chinese version of guidelines of manuscript for detail instructions.

12. References: Internal materials, personal communications, newspapers, and unpublished articles cannot be used as references. The reference serial numbers with square brackets shall be added at the upper right corner the quoting words. The serial number is made by the order of appearance in the text. All authors shall be listed, with commas added between each name. If there are more than 3 authors, list the first 3 names followed by '等' or 'et al'. Family names are placed before given names. All English names are in uppercase letters. For Chinese literature, the information should be translated into English under the same serial number. The number of references should not be less than 20 and the latest scientific research achievements should be cited as much as possible.

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